Although possibly better described alone, they go hand in hand nevertheless.
In depression, there seems to be this underlying notion that it is our fault for everything. Not just the bad day we had, but all of our deficiencies as a person. Most all we can possibly find wrong with us, and our world, can all be attributed to us, because it’s our fault. What is alarming about this is that much of the blame is misplaced, yet we carry the burden of having created it.
Coupled with this, we have self-criticism.
Not necessarily always attached to self-blame, but instead attached to any other symptom it can. With self-criticism, we are essentially firing off cognitions in our brain that criticize all of the presumed deficiencies we find in ourselves. Once these two have an established connection, we become apart of a loop of detecting deficiencies and then blaming ourselves for them, with some of the most barbed words we can find.
These symptoms alone in themselves can produce a weight we carry that can become overwhelming. In fact, I remember when I finally kicked self-criticism to the curb and it was very literally what I felt one day, i.e., a weight off of my shoulders.
person begins to blame and criticize oneself for most any shortcomings in themselves or their life. For even being slower than other people at a specific task the person can rebuke themself for having the defect that produced this defect, in this case, stupidity.
person begins to harshly criticize oneself for personality defects and self-criticisms become more extreme.
the person becomes severe in their criticism and blame, to the point in which they feel they should be punished. One patient of Becks revealed that he , should be taken out back and hung“. The person now justifies his own death, because of their deficiencies.