This would be the process of a person drawing a conclusion about a situation, with no evidence to support the conclusion.
For instance, take someone who is at work and their boss, on a perfectly normal day, asks for them to stop working on a particular project and work on another one. This could. at-least in the case of someone struggling with this type of distortion, alert to them that they were not good enough for the first project, thereby producing negative emotions and feelings of inferiority.
Moreover, contradictory evidence that, in some cases is right before the person, for the most part, will be overlooked.
A fairly common distortion amongst human, however, in depression, these are typically connected to other major paradoxes in depression. (https://hoplitelyfe.com/category/depression/depression-distortions/)
When activated, enhancing the underlying suffering of the person can result.
A counterproductive way of thinking for any person, but if it is contributing / supporting to even more emotional turmoil, this can become a catalyst for, not only sad emotions, but, a steady nourishing of an illness.