A mood disorder that causes emotional highs and lows.
The mood shifts in cyclothymia aren’t as extreme as those in people with bipolar disorders. People with cyclothymia can typically function in daily life, though it may be difficult.
The essential feature of Cyclothymic Disorder is a chronic, fluctuating mood disturbance involving numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms and numerous periods of depressive symptoms.
The hypomanic episodes are of insufficient number, severity, pervasiveness, or duration to meet the criteria for Major Depressive Episode.
Substance-Related Disorder and Sleep Disorders may be present.
This disorder often begins early in life and is sometimes considered to reflect a temperamental predisposition to other Mood Disorders. It is common in men and women.
There is a 15-50% chance the person will develop Bipolar 1 Disorder.
Criteria for Cyclothymic Disorder:
- For at-least two years, the presence of numerous periods with hypomanic symptoms and numerous periods with depressive symptoms that do not meet criteria for Major Depressive Episode.
- During the above 2-year period, the person has not been without the symptoms in Criterion A for more than 2 months at a time.
- No Major Depressive Episode or Mixed Episode has been present during the first two years.
- The symptoms are not due to a direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition.
- The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning.